Now we are all aware that many New Testament Christian teachers and preachers have been teaching for many centuries that the “Old Covenant” has been replaced by the “New Covenant” by the blood of Messiah. Thus, in their view, the laws and stipulations and commandments of the Torah are no longer binding on those who belong to Messiah.
It is unfortunate that so many Christians are deceived and led astray by this faulty analysis of Scripture. One needs only to take a gander at the prophecy of the New Covenant as it is found in Jeremiah to realize the error of the Christian theology:
“The time is coming,” declares Yahuwah, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Yisrael and with the house of Yehudah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Mitzrayim, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,” declares Yahuwah. “This is the covenant I will make with the house of Yisrael after that time,” declares Yahuwah. “I will put my Torah in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their Elohim, and they will be my people. No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know Yahuwah,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest,” declares Yahuwah. “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” (Yirmeyahu 31:31-34)
It is precisely because Israel broke the covenant that Yahuwah is offering a new (or “renewed”) covenant. And Messiah Yahushua established this “New Covenant” by his death on the tree.
But take a close look at what the prophet Jeremiah actually said about this new covenant. First, it was to be made with the house of Yisrael: “This is the covenant I will make with the house of Yisrael after that time.” This covenant which Messiah inaugurated is with Israel, not with a group called “the Church.” All of the promises and covenants which Yahuwah made were with his people Yisrael. The Bible does not teach that there are two bodies of believers: Israel and the Church. On the contrary, the New Testament very clearly and plainly teaches that there is only one Elohim and one body. Paul makes this explicit declaration:
There is one body and one Spirit– just as you were called to one hope when you were called. (Ephesians 4:1)
This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Yisrael, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Messiah Yahushua. (Ephesians 3:6)
Thus, we conclude, these promises from Jeremiah are fulfilled for Israel and all the Gentile believers in Messiah who are grafted into the single body of Israel.
But even more importantly, the content of that New Covenant is explicitly described as Torah! Writes the prophet:
“I will put my Torah in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their Elohim, and they will be my people.”
The content of the New Covenant is the Torah as given through Mosheh! Both the Covenant at Sinai (the giving of the Ten Commandments) and the New Covenant have as their content the laws and judgments of the Torah as summarized in the Ten Commandments. Jeremiah said so. He says “my Torah.” Is there any other Torah from Elohim than the one recorded in Scripture? The Torah is the Torah. It is the one that was revealed and written down by Mosheh. Righteousness in Old Testament times is still righteousness in New Testament times. Sin back then is still sin today. Elohim doesn’t change and neither does his opinion about right and wrong.
But the difference between the Covenant at Sinai and the New Covenant is not in its content. The difference is where that Torah is written and the blood that puts the Covenant into effect. The Sinai covenant was written on stone and ratified by the blood (death) of animals. But the New Covenant is written on the heart of men and is ratified by the blood (death) of Messiah. The Holy Spirit was given to imprint the Torah on our hearts. He was to “dwell in our hearts by faith.” He reminds us of the teachings of Messiah. The Spirit of Elohim reminds our hearts and consciences about the stipulations of his covenant with us. He teaches us of his laws and his expectations of us.
Because the New Covenant consists of his Torah written on our hearts, we conclude that the Ten Commandments have not changed and are still the stipulations of the Covenant between Elohim and man. This is why the Ten Commandments should be at the forefront of the teaching at places where Yahushua is recognized as Messiah and Elohim is worshipped. The Ten Commandments are still the terms and obligations of the relationship between Elohim and his people. As such, those who claim to love Messiah should be zealously working to keep all of the Ten Commandments which outline our relationship to our Creator.